Betawi or even Batavian is Jakarta native people that are exist because of union from some cultural groups in the past. The Betawis are descended from several Southeast Asian cultural groups, Portuguese and Dutch and Indian, Chinese and Arab attracted to or brought to Batavia to meet labor needs, including individuals from different portions of Indonesia. The history stay that Betawi cultural was being kind by 1815-1893. From the colonial era, the authorities did the census, that was based on the country or cultural group. In census data Jakarta in 1615 and 1815, there were residents from various cultural groups, but no record on Betawi cultural category.
In 1930, the category of Betawi individuals who didn’t exist in fact emerged as a brand new category in the census data. The number of individuals as far as 778, 953 resides and Batavia became the majority population of Batavia at the time. Fundamentally, the consciousness as the Betawi cultural group in ancient formation was not formed yet. In interactions, they frequently call themselves according to the locality where they live, such as individuals Kemayoran, Senen people, or individuals Rawabelong. The recognition of the existence of the Betawi people as an ethnic category and as a political and social unit within an extent, was newly emerged in 1923, when Husni Thamrin, who’s the community leaders established Perkoempoelan Kaoem Betawi.
They also finally understand that they’re a factionthey are Betawi individuals. After Indonesia independent day, Jakarta flooded with immigrants from all over Indonesia, in order that the Betawi living as a minority ethnic group. They’re increasingly pushed into the periphery, being evicted and displaced out of Jakarta. Temperament of the Betawi dialect is a reflection of the Betawi culture generally, which is the union of different cultures, both originating from other parts of the archipelago as well as lands. Even though the formal language which being utilized in Jakarta is Indonesian, the language of informal or daily conversation language is Indonesian Betawi dialect.
In art, Betawi is famous with their Lenong, Gambang Kromong, Rebana Tanjidor and Keroncong. These particular art are coming from cultural that being formed by Betawi society. In general, Betawi is just like a huge salad contain of a few new blend vegetable generous and that pure. The best of anything is inside the bowl.